Studies Into The Biology And Pathology Of Post-harvest Microfungi On Tomatoes In Kenya

The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) is one of the most important vegetables in major parts of the world, ranking second in importance only to potatoes, Solanum tuberosum L. Commercially, 45 million metric tons of tomatoes are produced each year from 2.2 million hectares, but only 15 percent of the output occurs in the tropics. Various groups of scientists who have attempted to set priorities for vegetable crops in the tropical countries consistently have ranked tomatoes for increased production and more intensive research (Reuben, 1980; Purseglove, 1977).

Farmers’ perspectives on factors limiting tomato production and yields in Kabete, Kiambu county, Kenya.

A survey was carried out at Kabete, Central Kenya to establish the limitations and constraints experienced by farmers’ growing tomatoes. A structured questionnaire was prepared and tested in the field before actual survey was carried out. Fifty farmers were interviewed and with the data analyzed it was established that most farmers lacked enough land; irrigation water; cash and technological know-how to enable them optimize tomato production especially during dry spells when they could fetch premium prices.

Evaluation of bread wheat for both seedling and adult plant resistance to stem rust

Wheat is an important staple food crop in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the current wheat consumption of 900 000 tons in Kenya outweighs the wheat production of 350 000 tons given the high population growth and inflation. The stem rust currently poses the greatest threat to wheat production due to the emergence of the virulent race of the Puccinia graminis f. sp tritici, Ug99 (TTKS) and its variants Ug99 + Sr24 (TTKSK) and Ug99 + Sr36 (TTKST) leading to about 70 to 100% yield losses.

Characteristics of caregivers and households practicing bottle-feeding in Kisumu East district.(Report)

There is documented evidence of increased risk of infant mortality in formula-fed versus breast-fed infants and young children. The potential danger especially in resource-poor settings with poor water and sanitation conditions is well known. In reducing risks associated with the sanitation of feeding equipment, bottle-feeding is often discouraged with cup and spoon promoted as better alternatives.

Analysing the supply response of wheat in Kenya: a time series approach

The annual rate of food production has fallen over the years in Kenya. This has resulted into food shortages, sometimes culminating in famine situations. In order to assuage this situation, there is need to explore ways of increasing food production. Wheat is one of Kenya's staple food crops and is grown by both large and small scale farmers. Due to the fact that wheat is one of the main staple food among Kenyans, its production has gained a lot of emphasis since failure to produce enough wheat would mean that food security is threatened.

Effects of Ripe Carica Papaya Seed Powder on Testicular Histology of Boars

The effect of oral administration of ripe Carica Papaya seed powder on
testicular histology of Sus scrofa domestica boars has been addressed in the
present article. Fifteen pubertal Large White boars were randomly selected and
divided into two groups. Each boar in the experimental group received a daily
dose of 300mg C Papaya mixed with 0.5 kg of conventional pig feed while the
control group received a placebo. The experiment was carried out for 56 days
in the University of Nairobi. After every two weeks, one boar from the control

Costs, economies of size and resource use relationships in wheat production in Nakuru district, Kenya

Wheat production in Kenya has slumped during the last two decades due to among other factors the high cost of productisn and subdivision of former large-scale wheat farms. The broad objective of this study was to examine cost behaviour under the prevailing production environment of wheat industry to help identify ways of overcoming this discouraging situation. Three hypotheses were tested.

Metabolic and Nutritional Diseases of Food Animals. Published by, University of Nairobi Press

Metaboloic and Nutritional Diseases of Food Animals provides those interested in animal welfare with a sufficient but comprehensive account of metabolic and nutritional diseases of cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. The most important feature of the book is the way information is presented in the form of tables, flow charts and differentiating diseases with similar clinical manifestations. It is particularly useful to students of veterinary medicine, veterinary practitioners and livestock owners

Predisposing factors to aflatoxin contamination of maize in Eastern Kenya

Maize is the staple diet of majority of Kenyan population but repeated
outbreaks of mycotoxin poisoning in Eastern Kenya is a major food safety
constraint. This study was conducted to determine maize production and
handling practices that contribute to aflatoxin contamination in maize in
Eastern Kenya. A survey was conducted in Makueni, Machakos, and Kitui
districts of Eastern province during 2008 and 2009 cropping seasons.
Information gathered included agronomic practices, harvesting, drying,

Analysis of social profitabiity and comparative advantage of domestic wheat production in Kenya

Kenya imports over 50% of its domestic wheat requirements. The potential import bill for wheat is projected to reach US $ 545 million over the 1991-2000 period. Further, wheat imports denominated in Kenya shilling, constitute more than 50% of the grain imported into Kenya every year (table 1.3) . Given this background, it lS seen that Kenya makes a large outlay on wheat imports. This has prompted reactions from the government aimed at trying to close the gap between domestic wheat production and consumption. The present effort is to expand wheat acreage.

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