Strategies for Artisanal Fishing - Lake Victoria, Kenya

Lake Victoria, the world's second largest freshwater lake, is shared by three East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The lake is surrounded by lakeshore savannah, which is subject to low and unreliable rainfall. Because there is little arable land, agriculture is at the subsistence level. Fishing and the processing and marketing of fish are important economic activities for the people living around the lake. Fish is also a primary source of food in the area.

The procurement problems of the Passion Fruit Industry of Kenya

The underlying causes of procurement problems of the passion fruit industry are investigated. Tilebackground of passion fruit production and marketing is examined, including the history of the Kenyan industry. The review of literature indicates that only limited studies of the economic aspects of passion fruit production in general have been published and studies specifically on the Kenyan industry are very rare.

Ceratitid fruitflies infesting fruit crops in Kenya

Between 1984 and 1988, a survey of fruit-infesting ceratitid fruitflies was conducted in 11 agricultural districts in Kenya. Samples of up to 18 different fruit crops were examined for infestation. The four species of fruitfly found were Ceratitis capitata, C. rosa (Pterandrus rosa), C. nigra (Trirhithrum coffeae) and C. cosyra (Pardalaspis cosyra). The first three were sympatric infestants of coffee, while the latter was exclusively found in mangoes. In addition, C. rosaalso infested loquat, guava and custard apple. C. capitata infested commercial orange cultivars.

nfluence of social-economic factors, gender and the Fish Farming Enterprise and Productivity Project on fish farming practices in Kenya

Fish contribute 7 billion shillings to the Kenyan economy annually and fish processing, value addition and marketing provide excellent opportunities for the development of Public-Private partnerships. Government intervention in fish farming in Kenya started in 1921 when the colonial government introduced trout, common carp and black bass into the country. Despite many government initiatives, fish farming has not been fully integrated with other farming systems and its contribution to the national economy is small.

The effect of modified atmosphere packaging on postharvest shelf life of mango fruits, mangifera indica l, cultivar tommy atkins

Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is a simple technology whose optimization can minimize high postharvest losses in perishable commodities. In this study, the efficacy of active bag® a recently introduced MAP product in Kenya in prolonging the postharvest shelf of mango fruits, cultivar Tommy Atkins was evaluated. Mango fruits harvested at commercial maturity stage were selected for uniformity and randomly separated into five batches.

Economic assessment of losses due to fruit fly infestation in mango and the willingness to pay for an integrated pest management package in Embu district, Kenya

Mango production is a major form of income generation for Kenyan large and small-scale farmers. However, it is confronted with the major threat of fruit fly infestation which causes reduction of quality and quantity of marketable fruit resulting to considerable produce losses. New and cheaper methods to reduce fruit fly infestation levels in mango production have been developed, but farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for them is not known.

The Potential Of Stingless Bees As An Emerging Livestock

Stingless bees are becoming important alternative pollinators to the honeybee, previously considered a universal pollinator, due to their abundance and adaptability, besides behavioural traits, which further enhance their suitability. Honeybees have emerged over the years, with great economic returns. The challenge, however, is the defense mechanism, the sting. This has created negative reactions to the art of bee-keeping. Stingless bees do not sting humans or animals, making them easily acceptable to the bee farmer. They can be managed easily on pollen substitute and honey.

Comparison Of Economic Impact Of Alternative Constraint Control Measures In Indigenous Chicken Production In Nyanza Province, Kenya

This study compared the costs and benefits of six alternative control measures on the indigenous chicken productivity constraints with an aim of identifying the most desirable mitigation measure; for improved productivity of the birds. The study was conducted in Migwa and Kagak villages in Kasipul division of Rachuonyo South district. The study first used rapid rural appraisal (RRA) tools as described by Chamber (1994); to prioritize the constraints limiting indigenous chicken production in the study area.

Bio-ecological Studies Of Mango Weevil, Sternochetus Mangiferae F. In The Coast Of Kenya (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Laboratory investigations were carried out on pre-oviposition, oviposition and the life history of mango weevil Sternochetus mangiferae Fab. from egg stage to adult emergency. Effect of feeding on longevity of male and female adult weevils was also studied. The experiments were conducted at 30+1°C and 73 per cent relative humidity Field experiments were conducted to investigate susceptibility of Apple, Ngowe and Boribo cultivars to mango weevil.

Constraints to Dairy Heifer Calf Rearing in Small Holder Farms in Murang\'a District Kenya

Factors associated with growth and weight gains were examined in a prospective observational study that was conducted in 5 cohorts of female calves. A total of 225 calves on 1888 smallholder dairy farms were observed a period of one and a half years. The calves were distributed in 5 agro-ecological zones (AEZ) –grazing strata namely: Upper Midlands (UM)1, zerograzing, UM1 open-grazing, UM2, UM4 zero grazing and UM 4 open grazing. The calves were recruited within the first year of study that was conducted between March 1995 and August 1996.

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