Factors influencing sustainable irrigation of small scale dryland farming in Kitui Central District, Kitui County, Kenya

Purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing sustainable irrigation of small scale dryland farming in Kitui Central District, Kitui County, Kenya. The study was guided by the following objectives to: establish how land tenure; identify the extent to which national irrigation policy; establish how irrigation technology; determine the extent to which competitive alternative water uses; and identify how farmer's level of education and training had influenced sustainable irrigation of small scale dryland
farming.

Quality protein maize under stress environments: gene action and genotype x environment effects

The study used quality protein maize (QPM) materials representing tropical and sub-tropical germplasm available for utilization in QPM breeding programs in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Preservation of beef using bacteriostatic chemicals and solar drying

Simple potential meal-preservation methods that can be applied at either the household or the small-community level in rural areas were evaluated. Samples of beef treated with various bacteriostatic agentsbrine, honey, glycerol, vinegar, hydrochloric acid, and ethanol-were dried for three days, either directly in the sun or in a solar drier box, and packaged and stored at ambient temperature for four weeks. The treated samples wefe compared with samples dried without other treatments and with frozen meat.

Under-fives rickets in a tropical dairy farming region Kiambu county, Kenya

The objective of this study was to determine under-fives feeding patterns on calcium and vitamin D rich foods as well as care practices in relation to rickets in an area dominated by dairy farming and sunlight, Kiambu County, Kenya. An unmatched case-control study design was used. The case group comprised of 200 children with rickets while the comparison group were a similar number of children without rickets. Study participants were selected during their visit to Kiambu Level Four Hospital. Data collection was performed using a pretested questionnaire.

Sustainability Of Dryland Ecosystems And Societies: Opportunities And Challenges

Dryland systems cover 41.3% of global area, support 35.5% of global population and provide
important services for both human livelihoods and global ecological sustainability. The dryland
ecosystems however are not static but respond to the global changes in climate, economic and
social political governance systems. Some of the key challenges facing sustainability of dryland
ecosystems and societies include rapid demographic changes, climate change; land degradation

The potential for nixtamalization of maize in Kenya.

Kenyans are perennially afflicted by aflatoxicoses and chronic aflatoxin exposure. Nixtamalization of maize and maize products has the potential to reduce the levels of aflatoxin in maize in the decorticated maize through physical removal and in whole maize products through chemical degradation. Nixtamalization also has the potential to increase nutrition of maize through releasure of niacin from niacinogen and improve digestibility of protein and starch, as well as the absorption of maize.

Smallholder coffee supply response in Kenya

Coffee is an important commodity in terms of its value in the world market and is a major source of foreign exchange earnings for the producer countries. Since the late 1980s the worldwide coffee industry has been plagued with the problem of low producer prices which strongly mitigates against the production and marketing of good quality coffee. In Kenya, c~rmers face the additional problem of high production costs. A combination of these factors presses heavily on the farmers' profit margins. This study analyses the responsiveness of coffee farmers in Kenya to changes in coffee prices.

The animal reservoir of cutaneous leishmaniasis on Mount Elgon, Kenya

An account is given of an investigation of the animal reservoir of cutaneous leishmaniasis [caused by Leishmania tropica] on Mt. Elgon, Kenya [cf. RAE/B 59, 1883], where the infection is transmitted by Phlebotomus pedifer Lewis, Mutinga & Ashford [61, 1010]. The incidence of the disease is too low for continuity to be maintained by a man-vector-man cycle alone. The vector is confined to caves, and investigations on the animal reservoir were accordingly restricted to the inside of caves harbouring the sandflies and the area within a quarter of a mile of them.

4th International Maize Nixtamalization Congress

Kenyans are perennially afflicted by aflatoxicoses and chronic aflatoxin exposure. Nixtamalization of maize and maize products has the potential to reduce the levels of aflatoxin in maize in the decorticated maize through physical removal and in whole maize products through chemical degradation. Nixtamalization also has the potential to increase nutrition of maize through releasure of niacin from niacinogen and improve digestibility of protein and starch, as well as the absorption of maize.

Systemic mastocytosis associated with liver failure in an adult German shepherd dog

Ectoparasitism is an important factor associated with poor production of village indigenous chickens. A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in free ranging indigenous chicken from two different agro-ecological zones: Lower highland 1 (LH1) in Embu District and Lower midland 5 (LM5) in Mbeere District, Kenya. A total of 144 chickens of matched age (chicks, growers and adults) and sex groups were examined for the presence of ectoparasites.

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