Ectoparasites (sucking lice, fleas and ticks) of small mammals in southeastern Kenya

During 1998–2000, at least 14 species (n = 309) of small mammals were live-trapped and examined for ectoparasites in moist forests of the Taita and Shimba Hills and drier savannah habitats of Nguruman, southeastern Kenya. Ectoparasites were recorded from 11 species of mammals. Five species of sucking lice [Hoplopleura inexpectans Johnson, H. intermedia Kellogg & Ferris, Polyplax reclinata (Nitzsch), P. waterstoni Bedford and Schizophthirus graphiuri Ferris], six species of fleas (Ctenophthalmus leptodactylous Hubbard, Dinopsyllus grypurus Jordan & Rothschild, D.

Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors Influencing Feeding Practices, Morbidity Status, and Dietary Intakes of Children Aged 7-24 Months in Rural Uganda.

The objective of this study was to analyze the nutritional and morbidity patterns of children aged 7-24 months in relationship to household socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Structured questionnaires and repeated 24-hour recalls were used to collect data. Maternal education and age influenced timing of complementary foods, dietary diversity score, meal frequency, and diarrhea incidences (p < .05). This resulted in 53%, 59%, 48%, 43%, and 22% of the study children having inadequate intake of energy, protein, vitamin A, iron, and zinc, respectively.

Prevalence, intensity and pathology of ecto and haemoparasites infections in indigenous chickens in eastern province of kenya

Indigenous chickens constitute over 81% of poultry in Kenya and produce 71% of
eggs and poultry meat. Ecto- and haemoparasites limit production of these birds in the
rural areas. However, no previous studies have been carried out in Kenya to determine
the prevalence and intensity of infection with these parasites and their effect on the
host. The aim of this study was to determine the type and prevalences of ecto- and
haemoparasites; and association, intensity and pathology caused by the ectoparasites

Investigation on the prevalence of antimicrobial residues in milk obtained from urban smallholder dairy and non-dairy farming households in Dagoretti Division, Nairobi, Kenya

To assess the prevalence and the level of awareness of the risk posed by antibiotic residues among the urban dairy and non-dairy farming households using a household survey and laboratory analysis of milk samples. A cross sectional study. Urban small holder dairy farming and non-farming households in Dagoretti division, Nairobi. The prevalence of antibiotic residues in dairy household milk samples was 4% (11/259) and in milk samples from non-dairy neighbouring households the prevalence was 0.07% (1/136).

Effect of a cowpea intercrop on maize yield and nutrient use efficiency in the coastal lowlands and semi-arid parts of Kenya

To establish maize yield responses to N and P fertilizer and to manure, cowpeas were intercropped with maize in the drier zones of Kenya. The experiments were conducted over five seasons at six trial sites, in the coastal lowlands and in semi-arid parts of Kenya. M maize yields were significantly increased by the use of N and P and manure.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards spotted fever group rickettsioses and q fever in Laikipia and Maasai Mara, Kenya.

Many factors contribute to misdiagnosis and underreporting of infectious zoonotic diseases in most sub-Saharan Africa including limited diagnostic capacity and poor knowledge. We assessed the knowledge, practices and attitudes towards spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) and Q fever amongst local residents in Laikipia and Maasai Mara in Kenya. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to a total of 101 respondents including 51 pastoralists, 17 human health providers, 28 wildlife sector personnel and 5 veterinarians. The pastoralists expressed no knowledge about SFGR and Q fever.

Interaction between bean stem maggot, bean root rot and soil fertility

This article is about the bean stem maggot, bean root rot and low soil fertility which have been identified as mojor constraints to bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) production in Western Kenya. The severity of bean rot and bean stem maggot is increased in cases of low soil fertility. Stidies were done to determine the relationship between the three constraints in bean stem maggot and farmers` fields

Grooming and its effect on the prevalence of tick borne diseases: a case study of wild yellow baboons (papio cynocephalus cynocephalus)

Behavioral studies on grooming in nonhuman primates have been carried out by several
primatologists over the years. Nonhuman primates spend a lot of time grooming for various
reasons which include health and social functions. These nonhuman primates are exposed to
ectoparasites in the wild which include ticks that act as vectors in the transmission of several
diseases including haemoparasitic infections in animals. This study aimed at determining
whether there is a relationship between the frequency of grooming received by a baboon and its

Effects of a brief, intense infrared radiation treatment on the nutritional quality of maize, rice, sorghum, and beans

Maize, sorghum, rice, and beans were subjected to a temperature of 22,000°C for 0.5 minute in an infrared radiator 3 m long. The uncharred grains exited the radiator at a temperature of 140° C and were cooled to room temperature. The moisture content dropped to 3% to 7%, thus affecting the proximate composition of the grain components. The digestibility of cereal starch remained high and unchanged (71%-84%), whereas protein digestibility was reduced by 7%, 21%, and 25% in rice, sorghum, and maize, respectively. The caloric values of the cereals remained unaltered.

Prevalence of ectoparasites infestation in indigenous free-ranging village chickens in different agroecological zones in Kenya

Ectoparasitism is an important factor associated with poor production of village indigenous chickens. A
cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of ectoparasites in free ranging
indigenous chicken from two different agro-ecological zones: Lower highland 1 (LH1) in Embu
District and Lower midland 5 (LM5) in Mbeere District, Kenya. A total of 144 chickens of matched
age (chicks, growers and adults) and sex groups were examined for the presence of ectoparasites. Of

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