Regional Workshop on an Integrated Policy Approach to Commercializing Smallholder Maize Production in Eastern Africa

Agriculture continues to be a significant sector in the economies of Eastern Africa countries. It contributes between 20 –30% of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for most of the countries in the region, and offers opportunities for development through backward and forward industrial linkages. However, subsistence agriculture dominates the structure of production in these nations, with maize (a key staple food) being the major commodity grown.

Influence of Farm Inputs on Maize Production in Kiminini Sub -county, Trans Nzoia County, Kenya

Maize production has been dwindling over the years. This has resulted into food insecurity for an ever-growing population. This led the researcher to carry out a research on influence of farm inputs on maize production in Kiminini Sub County, Trans Nzoia County, Kenya.

Economic optimization of integrated soil fertility management strategies for maize-based production systems:a case study of smallholder farm typologies in central Kenya

In recent years, intensive cultivation with inadequate nutrient replenishment has widely been practised in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. This land-use system has led to massive soil degradation and declining per capita food production. Consequent hunger, malnutrition and poverty have escalated. At the same time structural adjustment programs have eliminated all public farm-support initiatives leading to depressed usage of inorganic fertilizers. This has made prospects of achieving millennium development goals by the year 2015 increasingly challenging.

Influence of improved fallow systems and phosphorus application on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi symbiosis in maize grown in western Kenya

A field study was carried out on a six-year-old on-farm field trial during long-rains season (April–August) 2003 to investigate the effect of improved fallow systems and phosphorus application on arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) symbiosis in maize. The trial comprised of maize rotated with a fast growing leguminous Crotalaria grahamiana fallow and a non-leguminous Tithonia diversifolia fallow for 3 years followed by continuous maize.

The changing landuse pattern in a million acre settlement schemes and its implications on household income generation from agriculture: a case study of Naitiri Scheme in Bungoma District

More than 80 percent of kenyas population relies on small scale agriculture for their livelihood. This population is disproportionately located in rural areas and constitute the majority of the poor in Kenya. Experience has shown that traditional administrative approach in community development that was inherited from colonial era led to the economic structure where the rural are the majority and very poor. There has been a disharmony in identification of local requirements and planning needs and in identification, mobilization and allocation of local resources.

The Impact Of Planting Density And Weeding Regimes On Maize As A Food And Fodder Crop

Dairy farmers in Kenya grow maize for forage and food. They use maize planting density, weeding regimes and thinning to regulate the quantity of forage from both maize and weeds. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of weeding and planting density on maize forage and grain yield and quality of forage. Field experiments were conducted at the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Muguga for two seasons (October 2001 to August 2002).

Effects of planting density and weeding regimes on forage and grain yield of maize

Maize is a major food and forage crop in Kenya and planting density and weeding regime influence yield. The effects of weeding regimes and maize planting density on maize forage, grain yield and quality were evaluated during the 200112 short rains and long rains of2002 at Kenya Agricultural Research lnsitute, Muguga in Central Kenya. Weeding regimes were weed free (WI), weedy (W2), herbicide (W3) and hand weeding twice (W4). Maize densities were 9 (01) and 18 plants m-2 (02) intercropped with beans. Maize was thinned at 98 OAE at tasseling stage and assessed for forage yield and quality.

Modelling of a locally fabricated flat-plate solar milk pasteuriser using artificial neural network

The objective of this work was to develop an artificial neural network model to predict milk temperature of a locally fabricated solar milk pasteuriser, based on measures of error deviation from experimental data. A three-layer feed-forward neural network model based on back propagation algorithm was developed using the Neural Network Toolbox for MATLAB®. The inputs of the model were ambient air temperature, solar radiation, wind speed, temperature of hot water, and water flow rate through the collector, whereas the output was temperature of milk being pasteurised.

Maize lethal necrosis disease: a real threat to food security in the Eastern and central Africa region

Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease is “a looming threat unlike anything farmers have ever faced before”i especially in the Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) region where maize is an important staple and food security crop. About 90% of the regional population depends on maize for food, labor and income. Maize production in the region is constrained by both biotic and environmental factors. The abiotic factors include drought, low use of farm inputs especially fertilizers, low soil fertility, low rates of adoption of new technologies and in-appropriate agronomic practices.

Influence of maize storage management among small scale farmers on the level of maize quality, turbo division, Uasin Gishu county- Kenya

Maize storage management plays a great role in controlling shortage of maize grains. Maize being a stable food is depended by two thirds of the Kenyan population. This study covers the influence of maize storage management among small scale farmers on the level of maize quality. Level of maize quality means maize shortage in the study, while maize storage management means storage methods for maize grains. The study was carried out in Turbo division, Uasin Gishu County in Kenya.


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