Assessment of sulphonamides and tetracyclines antibiotic residue contaminants in rural and peri urban dairy value chains in Kenya

Background: Antibiotic residues are drug substances found in food from plants or animals initially exposed to antibiotics. In animal husbandry antibiotics have wide ly been used for the treatment of animal diseases. These residues have the ability to expose the public to seriou s health hazards. In Kenya drug residues have not only been related to lack of withdrawal periods but also to intentional addition to extend milk ’ s shelf life. Results: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of 13 veterinary drugs of tetracyclines and sulphonamides along the dairy sub value chain.

Predisposing factors to aflatoxin contamination of maize in Eastern Kenya

Maize is the staple diet of majority of Kenyan population but repeated outbreaks of mycotoxin poisoning in Eastern Kenya is a major food safety constraint. This study was conducted to determine maize production and handling practices that contribute to aflatoxin contamination in maize in Eastern Kenya. A survey was conducted in Makueni, Machakos, and Kitui districts of Eastern province during 2008 and 2009 cropping seasons.

A cross-sectional study of Gastro-intestinal Nematodiasis, gross Skin conditions and ectoparasites of Donkeys in Mwingi District, Kenya

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence gastro-intestinal nematodes,
gross skin conditions and ectoparasites in Mwingi District, Kenya. The associations
between known management and husbandry risk factors and donkeys nematodiasis were
assessed. The effectiveness of ivermectin R against the nematodes was evaluated.
Faecal sampling was done on 254 donkeys randomly selected from 186 herds.
These donkeys were also examined for presence of ectoparasites and gross skin lesions

Effect of fertilizer input subsidy on maize production in Kenya

Maize is a staple food in Kenya, consumed in various forms by 96 percent of the population. Its’ production is characterized by high smallholder participation which contributes about 75% of the overall production, with the remaining 25% being contributed by the large-scale farmers. The high level production of maize and its development has a positive impact on rural incomes, poverty reduction and food security.

Seroepidemiological survey of Neospora caninum and its risk factors in farm dogs in Nakuru district, Kenya.

AIM:

The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Neospora caninum (NC) and its risk factors in farm dogs in Kenya.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

As part of a longitudinal study on dairy cattle abortion in 2010 in Kenya, serum samples were collected from 84 dogs in 53 randomly selected dairy cattle farms to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of seropositivity for NC.
RESULTS:

Influence of maize storage management among small scale farmers on the level of maize quality, turbo division, Uasin Gishu county- Kenya

Maize storage management plays a great role in controlling shortage of maize grains. Maize being a stable food is depended by two thirds of the Kenyan population. This study covers the influence of maize storage management among small scale farmers on the level of maize quality. Level of maize quality means maize shortage in the study, while maize storage management means storage methods for maize grains. The study was carried out in Turbo division, Uasin Gishu County in Kenya.

Maize lethal necrosis disease: a real threat to food security in the Eastern and central Africa region

Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease is “a looming threat unlike anything farmers have ever faced before”i especially in the Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) region where maize is an important staple and food security crop. About 90% of the regional population depends on maize for food, labor and income. Maize production in the region is constrained by both biotic and environmental factors. The abiotic factors include drought, low use of farm inputs especially fertilizers, low soil fertility, low rates of adoption of new technologies and in-appropriate agronomic practices.

Effect of clump planting of maize and time of planting of beans on growth and yield of intercropped maize and beans

Two field experiments were conducted at the University of Nairobi's Faculty of Agriculture Kabete, to investigate the merits of clump planting of maize and time of planting of intercropped beans on growth and yield of the maize and beans. Effect of the treatments on field weed load was also examined. Three clumping patterns of maize and three planting times of beans were tested in a factorial experiment laid out in a completely randomised block design with three replications.

Effect of parasite control on immune response to Newcastle Disease vaccination in village chicken, Mbeere sub county

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of parasitism on village chickens’ immune response to Newcastle disease (ND) vaccination. Seventy two chickens, from a population that was confirmed to be infected with ecto- and endo-parasites, from Mbeere District, were bought and divided into 8 groups which were variously treated for parasites: Groups 1 and 8 were controls, while Groups 2 and 5, 3 and 6, 4 and 7 were duplicate treated for endo-parasites only, ecto-parasites only and for both endo- and ecto-parasites, respectively.

Seroepidemiological survey of Neospora caninum and its risk factors in farm dogs in Nakuru district, Kenya.

AIM:

The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Neospora caninum (NC) and its risk factors in farm dogs in Kenya.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:

As part of a longitudinal study on dairy cattle abortion in 2010 in Kenya, serum samples were collected from 84 dogs in 53 randomly selected dairy cattle farms to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of seropositivity for NC.
RESULTS:

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