Use of Non-antibiotic Growth Promoters in Chicken Broiler Production in Kenya

This study was done to investigate the viability of organic acids as alternative replacement to an-tibiotics as growth promoters and in managing broiler chickens in poultry farms around Nairobi in Kenya.

Impacts of weather parameters on maize production in Siaya County

Climate variability is no longer a distant worry Kenya and this has a great influence
on agriculture in general, and on maize production in particular. Current
understanding on the status of the impacts of climate variability on maize production
will contribute immensely to climate risk management, vulnerability reduction and
enhancement of food production hence food security under a changing climate
regime. It is in this regard that this study investigated the effects of climate

Determination Of Factors Influencing The Efficiency Of Legume Green Manures For Maize Production In Embu,Kenya

Land productivity in the central highlands of Kenya is mainly constrained by low and declining soil fertility. In the maize-based fanning systems, continuous cultivation without adequate soil fertility enhancement measures has led to a deterioration of land quality resulting in low agricultural yields and degraded soils. Herbaceous legumes can provide an alternative to commercial fertilizers and animal manures. This study explored the use of these legumes in Embu District - situated within the central highlands of Kenya.

The impact of input costs on maize production: the case of Trans Nzoia District

Maize is the main staple food crop in Kenya and the government policy objective is to increase maize production in order to achieve food self-sufficiency and security. The government has been applying import tariffs on maize, authorizing maize procurement by the National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB) at support prices, and imposing non-tariff barriers on maize imports as measures aimed at motivating farmers to produce more maize. Maize production has been, however, stagnant with consumption demand above domestic supply.

Effects of phenylbutazone and indomethacin on the post-operative course following experimental orthopaedic surgery in dogs.

Randomized placebo-controlled crossover studies were carried out in dogs to evaluate how two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) might modulate an acute post-traumatic inflammatory reaction. Two "identical" surgical interventions were performed on the forelimbs of each animal with an interval of 28 days, to enable a paired comparison of the inflammatory signs and the wound/bone healing processes. At one operation 8 dogs received 300 mg phenylbutazone twice daily for 8 days starting on the day before surgery, and at the other operation matching placebo tablets were given.

Compositional, physical,micorocrobiological and keeping Quality of formulated dehulled toasted Maize-egg Flour weaning Food.

Dehulled Toasted Maize - Egg Flour (DTMEF) , a cereal-based food for infants and young children
made from dehulled maize, was prepared by a procedure in which millet amylase rich flour (MARF)
( for viscosity reduction) was incorporated to dehulled toasted maize flour (DTMF) - dried whole
egg powder (DWEP) porridge at levels of 2-8%, as a means of determining the level at which it could
be added to the mixture in the dry form. The objective was to have a final product of lower dietary
bulk.

The potential for nixtamalization of maize in Kenya.

Kenyans are perennially afflicted by aflatoxicoses and chronic aflatoxin exposure. Nixtamalization of maize and maize products has the potential to reduce the levels of aflatoxin in maize in the decorticated maize through physical removal and in whole maize products through chemical degradation. Nixtamalization also has the potential to increase nutrition of maize through releasure of niacin from niacinogen and improve digestibility of protein and starch, as well as the absorption of maize.

Participatory Evaluation of Residue Management Effects of Green Manure Legumes on Maize Yield in the Central Kenya Highlands

An on-farm study to evaluate three methods of applying legume residues in maize-based cropping systems in the central Kenya highlands was initiated in 1997 and conducted for three years. The legumes involved in the study were velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC) and crotalaria (Crotalaria ochroleuca G. Don), which were planted between maize (Zea mays L.) rows, two weeks after planting maize. The legumes were left growing in the field after maize harvest, until land preparation for the next maize crop.

Oviposition preference, larval and pupal Development and adult fecundity of the Sorghum shootfly, atherigona soccata rondani (diptera muscidae) on selected sorghum lines

The sorghum shootfly, Atherigona soccata Rondani is one of the most important pests of sorghum. Since control measures like the use of insecticides are not very effective or economical breeding for resistance could be the answer to the problem in the future. In this study, the possible mechanisms of resistance in 5 selected sorghum lines to the sorghum shootfly, were investigated under greenhouse and field conditions.

Analysis of demand for antibiotics in poultry production in Kiambu county, Kenya

Poultry production is an important economic activity for smallholder farmers in Kenya. Commercial poultry farming in Kenya relies heavily on veterinary inputs, key among them being antibiotics which develop resistance with improper use. Among the many interventions used in the past to curb the risk of antibiotic resistance in livestock in Kenya, there is none that has comprehensively addressed inappropriate use of antibiotics and the incentives driving their demand in the livestock industry.

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