Knowledge, attitudes and practices on climate change Adaptation by small holder farmers in Mwala constituency, Machakos County,Kenya

Climate variability and change is affecting weather patterns and this has serious repercussions on food production among smallholder farmers in Kenya. In particular, semi-arid environments such as Machakos County are extremely vulnerable to climate variability and change because their crop production systems are sensitive to and reliant on rainfall. This study was undertaken in Machakos County, and sought to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices on climate change adaptation by smallholder farmers within Mwala Constituency.

The Right To Education In Kenya: A Critical Appraisal Of The Legal And Institutional Framework Dealing With Sexual Violence In Schools

Decline in soil nutrients and organic levels due to continuous cultivation practices combined with erratic rainfall patterns has led to soil fertility decline posing a serious threat to long-term maize (Zea mays L.) production in Nairobi County, Kenya. The current study monitored changes in soil organic carbon, moisture content, nutrient status and maize yield following dolichos (Lablab purpureus (L.) integration and application of fertilizers, as basis for developing sustainable soil fertility management strategies.

Aflatoxigenic strains of aspergillus species isolated from soil, cereals (maize, sorghum, millet) and animal feeds in Nandi County rift valley province, Kenya

Aspergillus flavus are fungi found naturally in the soil and they are associated with aflatoxin production which are of public health importance due to their effects on human health and also threaten food security and safety. Aflatoxins are produced over a temperature range of 25- 30°C with an optimal water activity for growth 0.99 for A. flavus. Aflatoxins have been a problem in Kenya especially in Eastern and Central Provinces resulting into aflatoxicosis.

Efficacy Of Maxim XL 035 FS® As A Seed Dresser In The Management Of Aspergillus Species And Aflatoxin Contamination Of Maize

Aflatoxins are mainly produced by mycotoxigenic fungi and are a global food safety concern and human carcinogen. Maize is often contaminated with aflatoxin, making it unfit for human and animal consumption. Currently, there are inadequate tested effective controls for aflatoxin contamination of maize in Kenya. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fungicide Maxim XL 035 FS® in management of Aspergillus spp, Penicillium spp. and Fusarium spp. and aflatoxin contamination of maize. This was done in vitro, green house and field conditions.

Efficacy of amaranth grain flour or multi-micronutrient fortified maize porridge on iron of Kenyan Pre-school Children: A randomized, controlled intervention

Objectives: Adding iron-rich foods or multi-micronutrients powder (MNP) could be options to control iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in children. Data evaluating the impact of fortification with iron-rich foods such as amaranth grain and MNP containing low doses of highly bio-available iron to control IDA is limited. We assessed the efficacy of maize porridge enriched with amaranth grain or MNP to reduce IDA in Kenyan pre-school children.

Influence of Amendments Added to Acid Soils on Biochemical Properties, Nitrogen Uptake and Hybrid Maize Yields in Nakuru County, Kenya

Aim: The current study investigated effect of soil amendments; lime (L), manure (FYM) and minjingu phosphate rock (PR) added to soils on soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen (SMB-C and SMB-N), available soil nitrogen (N), crop N uptake and grain yields of two maize hybrids (H513 and H614). Study Design: Two experiments, one for each maize hybrid as test crop, were laid out in a randomized complete block design with a 23 factorial arrangement.

Managing green manure legumes for improved maize production in Kenyan highlands

Declining soil fertility and inadequate and low quality feed resources limit smallholder crop yields and dairy production in Kenyan highlands. Green manure legumes can provide an alternative to the use of commercial N sources for cereal crops and livestock production in these low external-input farming systems.

The effect of irrigation management on crop water requirement and crop water productivity of tomato and sweet corn in Kibwezi, Kenya

Research on crop water requirement and productivity is important to reduce agricultural water use in arid and semiarid areas (ASAL), where water is a limited resource. A study was conducted to determine crop water requirement and evaluate crop water productivity of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L. var. M82) and sweet com (Zea mays L. var. Renat) under drip and sprinkler irrigation systems, respectively, in Kibwezi.

An economic analysis of maize marketing in Kenya: a case study of Nandi district

The main objective of government intervention in the maize industry is to ensure self sufficiency in maize production. However, indicators of the government's inability to meet this objective have been observed in the past. The memories of national maize crises of 1961, 1971, 1979 and 1984 are sti II fresh in Kenyans' minds. Moreover, Kenya is currently (1992) facing a shortfall in domestic maize supply forcing it to import the commodity which is the dominant staple food of its people. These setbacks have made the government to embark on a liberalization programme of this vital industry.

Smallholder farmers’ use and profitability of legume inoculants in Western Kenya

Research on the use of Rhizobia inoculants has been conducted in Africa since 1950s. However, the technology has not been widely applied by farmers on the continent. In Kenya, wide-scale adoption of this innovation among the smallholder farmers is still low. The aim of this study was to examine factors that drive the use of BIOFIX® Rhizobia inoculant, a product of Kenya, and its profitability in smallholder farms. Data were collected from 210 soybean (Glycine max) farmers in western Kenya.

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