Effect of drip irrigation on the production and economic returns of sorghum (sorghum bicolor) in semi arid areas of Tanzania

Field trials were conducted in semi arid area of Dodoma, central Tanzania with the aim of assessing the effect of three drip irrigation watering regimes on the production and economic returns of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). The irrigation treatments were: EM (early in the morning), EL (late in the evening) and ELE (both early in the morning and late in the evening). Each treatment was replicated three times in a RCBD for two seasons (dry and wet season).

Diversity of food consumption by households and their exposure to aflatoxins from Maize products in Kibwezi District, Makueni County

Maize is the basic staple of the Kenyan diet. Ugali, a thick porridge of maize meal, is the main dish. Other maize based dishes include boiled mixture of maize and beans (githeri) which when the maize kernels are decorticated, is referred to as muthokoi, and cooked mash of maize, beans, vegetables and potatoes, referred to as irio. Other staple fO,ods include cereals like sorghum, millet, legumes, pulses and rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, fruits and vegetables. Milk and dairy products are also important items in the country, but especially among the pastoral communities.

Gender in the African Traditional Context

This paper sets out to argue that the family is the foundation of every society. In this regard everything should be done to save the Kenyan family. Family is one of the oldest and most common human institutions. Since prehistoric times, the family has been an important organization in society. Most people grow up as a family, and as adults establish a family of their own. Some traditional African societies had an Equalitarian System which gave women and

Socio-economic factors influencing the adoption of maize storage technologies in Malawi

The widespread post harvest maize losses experienced in Malawi have been mostly attributed to
the Larger Grain Borer (LGB) (Prostephanus truncates). Government of Malawi introduced
various maize storage technologies to minimize the post harvest maize losses. However, the
adoption of the modern maize storage technologies remains low. The purpose of this study,
therefore, was to analyze factors influencing the adoption of maize storage technologies in
Malawi. Binary logit model was fitted to data obtained from household survey conducted in 2010

Marker-assisted introgression improves Striga resistance in an Eritrean Farmer-Preferred Sorghum Variety

The parasitic weed Striga hermonthica hampers the production of sorghum, the most important cereal crop in Eritrea. This weed has a complex mode of infestation that adapts to many hosts and environments, complicating conventional breeding for resistance, which is the only form of crop improvement available to Eritrean breeders, but has failed. This study aimed at improving resistance against this parasite by transferring 5 Striga resistant Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) from resistance donor N13 to Striga susceptible Farmer-Preferred Sorghum Variety (FPSV) Hugurtay from Eritrea.

Influence of maize management practises on food security among farmers in Moibensub-county, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Maize is the main staple food for the inhabitants of Moiben sub County as well as other parts of Country. However, its production is facing some challenges that have led to decline in yield. Improving maize production is considered one of the most important strategies of solving the problems of food insecurity in the countries where rapid population increase is a major challenge especially in Sub-Sahara Africa, this therefore, can be achieved by improving management practices of maize production. It‘s the main source of employment and income for the poor rural people.

The role of varietal attributes on adoption and commercialization of improved sorghum in Mbeere district, Kenya

Approximately 82% of Kenya's landmass is categorized as arid and semi-arid. These areas are characterized by low agricultural productivity leading to food insecurity. Majority of the people in these areas depend on food aid and famine relief from the government and NGOs as a livelihood option. Increasing agricultural production and productivity through growing of drought tolerant crops provides an opportunity that can assist the communities adapt to climate change.

A physiological study of the oploid receptors in the naked mole rat (heterocephalus label)

The aim of the study were to investigate the following,antinociceptive effects of opioid receptor selective drugs on thermal pain(hot plate test)and chemical pain(formalin test and modified acetic acid test)and behavioural effects of opioid receptor selective drugs in the naked mole-rat.

Characterization of Rabbit Production Systems in Kenya

Rabbit production systems in Kenya were studied; challenges to production were identified and recommendations to boost rabbit productivity were suggested in this research. Four regions of Kenya with significant rabbit farming were selected: Rift valley (Nakuru county), Central (Kiambu and Nyeri counties), Eastern (Meru county) and Coastal (Taita Taveta county) regions. Data were obtained through a field survey, questionnaires and personal observations between August and September 2011.

Agricultural extension approaches influencing uptake of improved sorghum technologies in Embu county, Kenya

Agricultural extension and technology transfer services play a vital role in disseminating research knowledge, skills and income generating strategies among the farming communities in Kenya. However, there exists a kind of disconnect between the amount of information and technologies developed in research centres and what is implemented by the farmers. The study evaluated the access and use of extension approaches in promoting uptake of improved sorghum technologies. The study systematically selected 129 farmers from four villages.

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