Dye sensitized solar cells fabricated from obliquely sputtered nanoprous TiO2 thin films: characterization, electron transport and lifetime studies

Nonoporous titanium dioxide thin films have been obliquely deposited by reactive direct current magnetron sputtering onto conducting glass substrates for dye sensitized solar cell fabrication. The research studies the effect of the underlayer on the performance of the solar cells fabricated from porous films with underlayers.